Name: 
 

Math 8 Chapter 11 Practice Test



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Probability cannot be expressed as
a.
a decimal
c.
a percent
b.
a fraction
d.
a negative number
 

 2. 

A list of all possible outcomes in a probability experiment is called
a.
a favourable outcome
c.
the sample space
b.
an independent event
d.
a simulation
 

 3. 

When the result of one event has no effect on the outcome of another event, the event is called a(n)
a.
favourable outcome
c.
possible outcome
b.
independent event
d.
sample space
 

 4. 

When two six-sided dice are tossed, what is the probability of the sum of the two numbers showing being an even number?
a.
equal to the probability of the sum of the two numbers being odd
b.
greater than the probability of the sum of the two numbers being odd
c.
half the probability of the sum of the two numbers being odd
d.
less than the probability of the sum of the two numbers being odd
 

 5. 

When rolling a six-sided die and tossing a coin, the number of possible outcomes is

mc005-1.jpg
a.
6
b.
8
c.
12
d.
24
 

 6. 

A coin is tossed three times. What is the probability of tossing three heads in succession?
a.
mc006-1.jpg
b.
mc006-2.jpg
c.
mc006-3.jpg
d.
mc006-4.jpg
 

 7. 

Two identical spinners each have five equal sectors numbered 1 to 5. What is the probability of getting a sum of seven when you spin both spinners?
a.
mc007-1.jpg
b.
mc007-2.jpg
c.
mc007-3.jpg
d.
mc007-4.jpg
 

 8. 

There are expected to be 120 flights a day in and out of the planned Kelowna airport. If 85% of the flights are expected to be on time, how many flights will likely not arrive on time?
a.
18
b.
30
c.
85
d.
102
 

 9. 

If three six-sided dice are rolled, how many combinations of numbers are possible?
a.
18
b.
36
c.
120
d.
216
 

 10. 

Sam goes to a restaurant where he can order one food item and one drink item from the menu below. What is the probability that he will order a ham sandwich and milk?

Food
Drink
pizza
milk
ham sandwich
juice
fish and chips
water
taco
hamburger
a.
mc010-1.jpg
b.
mc010-2.jpg
c.
mc010-3.jpg
d.
mc010-4.jpg
 

 11. 

The diagram shown below represents the outcomes of

mc011-1.jpg
a.
two independent events
b.
two events that are dependent on each other
c.
four independent events
d.
four events that are dependent on each other
 

 12. 

The number of possible outcomes when randomly drawing from the cards shown below and flipping the coin is

mc012-1.jpg        
a.
5
b.
6
c.
10
d.
20
 

 13. 

A tree diagram is useful for organizing combined
a.
dice
b.
outcomes
c.
possibilities
d.
spinners
 

 14. 

Sasha saves 70% of the shots on goal. If Sasha faces 30 shots in his next game, how many goals can he expect to let in?
a.
3
b.
6
c.
7
d.
9
 

 15. 

A box of chocolates contains five with nuts, six with soft centres, and three with nougat centres. A bag of gumdrops contains three red, five white, and two purple candies. What is the probability of randomly picking one item from each source and getting both a chocolate with nougat and a purple gumdrop?
a.
mc015-1.jpg
b.
mc015-2.jpg
c.
mc015-3.jpg
d.
mc015-4.jpg
 

 16. 

When you roll two six-sided dice, the favourable outcomes for a sum of nine would be
a.
(4,5) (5,4) (6,3) (3,6)
b.
(3,5) (5,3) (4,5) (5,4) (6,3) (3,6)
c.
(4,5) (5,4) (6,3) (3,6) (7,2) (2,7)
d.
(4,5) (5,4) (6,3) (3,6) (7,2) (2,7) (8,1) (1,8)
 

 17. 

Brent has a pop quiz in science class. There are five true or false questions and five multiple choice questions (with four possible answers for each question). If Brent has to guess each of the answers, what is the probability he will get them all right?
a.
mc017-1.jpg
b.
mc017-2.jpg
c.
mc017-3.jpg
d.
mc017-4.jpg
 

 18. 

The probability of a favourable outcome in three independent events is mc018-1.jpg. The probability of a favourable outcome is the same in each event. What is the probability of a favourable outcome in any one event?
a.
mc018-2.jpg
b.
mc018-3.jpg
c.
mc018-4.jpg
d.
mc018-5.jpg
 

 19. 

On your route home, there are four traffic lights that are red, yellow, and green for equal lengths of time. What is the probability that you will get all four green lights?
a.
mc019-1.jpg
b.
mc019-2.jpg
c.
mc019-3.jpg
d.
mc019-4.jpg
 

 20. 

What is the probability of rolling the four dice and getting the outcome shown below?

mc020-1.jpg
a.
mc020-2.jpg
b.
mc020-3.jpg
c.
mc020-4.jpg
d.
mc020-5.jpg
 

 21. 

Matt and Jeff play soccer on the same team. Matt has scored in 50% of his games and Jeff has scored in 60% of his. What is the probability that they will both score in the same game?
a.
30%
b.
50%
c.
60%
d.
90%
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 
 
Write your answer in the space provided.
 

 22. 

The formula to determine the probability of a favourable outcome is _________________________.
 

 

 23. 

In a(n) _________________________, you model a real situation using an experiment.
 

 

 24. 

_________________________ probability is the calculated probability of an event occurring.
 

 

 25. 

If two coins are tossed simultaneously, the probability of tossing a head and a tail is _________________________.
 

 

 26. 

Two simple ways to show the sample space of a probability experiment are to use a(n) _________________________ or a(n) _________________________.
 

 

 27. 

The probability of getting three tails and one head when you toss one coin four times is _________________________.
 

 



 
Check Your Work     Start Over